In the past, fewer incidents of cancer were reported, but today, it is spreading like wildfire. Study shows that half of the total cancer deaths are preventable with the knowledge available today. Doctors have been making significant progress in understanding the behavior of cancer cells to prevent the spread of this disease. As a result of their efforts, they have improved the treatment and diagnosis of cancer today. However, prevention and early treatments still carry importance among the strategies that lower cancer treatment costs and the number of unfortunate demises.
Therefore, instead of waiting for new medical breakthroughs and technological interventions to cure cancer, there is a lot that one can do to prevent cancer in their body. One of the ways is keeping alert of the symptoms of cancer. A simple reminder developed by the American Cancer Society highlight a few signs for everyone to watch out for. They include changes in bowel movement, a sore that won’t heal, unusual discharge or bleeding, thickening or lumps forming anywhere, especially in the breast. Moreover, one can also look for symptoms such as difficulty swallowing or ingestion, noticeable changes in wart or mole, persistent cough, or hoarseness.
This is just a simple guide that can help someone understand changes in the body that can lead to cancer. However, even with a regular examination of your body for early signs of cancer, no one can deny the importance of prevention, which is better than cure. So here are some preventive measures to stop cancer before it starts!
Say No to tobacco use
Tobacco is the primary reason causing lung cancer in the human and animal body, just like pleural mesothelioma is primarily caused by asbestos exposure. Both of these cancers occur in the same organ, the lungs, and often lead to death. For example, a person who smokes has 15 to 20 percent more chances of getting lung cancer than a non-smoker. Smoking also leads to other types of cancers such as mouth, throat, and breast. Inhaling the air containing tobacco smoke is similar to smoking yourself; therefore, passive smoking, also known as secondhand smoking, is a significant cause of lung cancer.
Take a good diet
Your diet, if not good, can be a significant cause of many illnesses, including cancer. Ensure to consume a balanced diet that does not contain a lot of saturated fats and red meat, which may increase the probability of colon cancer. Limit or delete alcohol from your daily life as it can lead to liver and breast cancers. If you cannot live without alcohol, you can have a daily intake of two drinks if you are a male and one drink if you are a female. Moreover, add more fruits and vegetables to your diet.
Moreover, many women who use the Mediterranean diet with a high quantity of extra-virgin olive oil also have less probability of getting breast cancer. The reason is, this diet focuses more on plant-based foods such as vegetables, whole grains, fruits, nuts, and legumes.
Processed meat consumed in large quantities can also increase the risk of some types of cancers. Therefore, it is better to limit or stop using processed meat and adopt healthy eating habits.
Keep yourself in shape
Obesity is a cause of various diseases, let alone cancer. Therefore, exercise daily to keep yourself in shape and shed those extra pounds. Physical activity can shrink the risk of colon cancer when done daily. Moreover, women can also benefit from exercise as it reduces the build-up of breast cancer and tumor of other reproductive organs. Make sure you have a healthy weight according to your age and height. Daily thirty minutes of exercise and physical activity is enough to achieve your targets of improving your health and well-being. Exercise also has other benefits; it reduces stress, boosts your immunity, improves blood flow to the muscles, and increases energy. For this target, you can use a combination of light and vigorous exercise with a gradual increase in intensity.
Avoid unnecessary and unprotected exposure to the sun
Skin cancer mainly occurs due to unnecessary and unprotected exposure to the sun. It is also the most preventable cancer in the United States, where more than 96400 cases of melanoma occur per year. Therefore, make sure to apply sunscreen on your skin when you go out in the sun. Most importantly, check the SPF of your sunscreen before wearing it. At a minimum, it should be an SPF 30, even on cloudy days. Do not hesitate to apply a generous amount and reapply after every two hours outside the house.
Particularly avoid the midday sun from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., as the sun shines with the highest intensity during this time. When going out, stay under the shade as much as possible. Wear the clothes that cover most parts of your body, reducing their exposure to the harmful rays of the sun. Also, avoid using indoor tanning beds because they are as dangerous as the natural light from the sun.
We all hear that prevention is always better than cure. Therefore, instead of waiting for something to happen and taking action, it is better to take steps and prevent its appearance. The same goes for cancer. We all know that cancer is non-curative in most cases; therefore, the only chance you have of protecting yourself against this deadly disease is through prevention measures.